Watch the video below about cramming for a test and then, using the information from the video and Chapter 7 of the textbook, discuss the issues of cramming for a test versus distributed learning. The video also mentions the SQ3R method of studying. I have place more information about the SQ3R method below. What is the SQ3R method and how does using distributed learning and the SQ3R compare to cramming for a test?
SQRRR is a reading comprehension method named for its five steps: survey, question, read, recite, and review. The method was introduced by Francis Pleasant Robinson in his 1946 book Effective Study based on principles documented in the 1930s.
The method, created for college students, can also be used by elementary school students, who can practice all of the steps once they have begun to read longer and more complex texts (around fourth grade).
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The first step, survey or skim, advises that one should resist the temptation to read the book and instead glance through a chapter in order to identify headings, sub-headings and other outstanding features in the text. This is in order to identify ideas and formulate questions about the content of the chapter.
Formulate questions about the content of the reading. For example, convert headings and sub-headings into questions, and then look for answers in the content of the text. Other more general questions may also be formulated:
What is this chapter about?
What question is this chapter trying to answer?
How does this information help me?
Use the background work done with “S” and “Q” in order to begin reading actively.
The second “R” refers to the part known as “Recite/wRite” or “Recall.” Using key phrases, one is meant to identify major points and answers to questions from the “Q” step for each section. This may be done either in an oral or written format. It is important that an adherent to this method use his/her own words in order to evoke the active listening quality of this study method.
The final “R” is “Review.” In fact, before becoming acquainted with this method a student probably just uses the R & R method; Read and Review. Provided the student has followed all recommendations, the student should have a study sheet and should test himself or herself by attempting to recall the key phrases. This method instructs the diligent student to immediately review all sections pertaining to any key words forgotten.
PSYCHOLOGY FROM INQUIRY TO UNDERSTANDING