This is one portion of a team assignment It has to be at least 250 words with 2 references Plant 2011 being one of them the other reference has to be a peer reviewed article. It is very important you are accurate. Word analysis of the O J Simpson case study, in which you demonstrate an application of clinical psychology in a real-world situation, I need details Case Study Question?– Discuss the biological, psychological, and social factors involved in your selected case I need 2 references ( Plante, 2010) as 1– and one more peer reviewed article Plante, T. G., (2010). What is Contemporary clinical psychology? Contemporary clinical psychology, third edition. ISBN 9780470587393. John Wiley & Sons Inc. the link for the case study is below. THE CASE OF O. J. SIMPSON O. J. Simpson literally and figuratively ran to the forefront of the American consciousness. We first knew him as a dazzling running back at the University of Southern California (USC), where he won the Heisman Trophy. Then he went to the pros with the Buffalo Bills and the San Francisco 49ers where he was the first running back to gain 2,000 yards in one season and was named to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985. We next saw him running through airports in Hertz Rent-A-Car commercials, during the time when he also had some previously forgettable roles in movies such as The Towering Inferno and The Naked Gun and was a commentator on ABC Sports’ Monday Night Football. However, he had become an American icon, or, as one television executive commented, ‘He was Michael Jordan before Michael Jordan.’ Tragically, his running that most people now remember was when we saw him running on Friday night, June 17, 1994, when the nation watched the police pursue him in his white Ford Bronco, along with his friend Al Cowlings, in an almost funereal march down a Los Angeles freeway. In sum, until June 17, 1994, the public’s CA S E S T U DY perception of O. J. Simpson, in addition to appreciation of his substantial athletic talent, was of an easygoing, articulate individual–that is, as normal, if not much more normal, as anyone in the public eye. After that date, information kept accumulating to suggest a very different picture. O. J. was born on July 9, 1947, and was named Orenthal James Simpson, the name Orenthal coming from an obscure French actor. His early childhood appears to have been relatively unremarkable, although his father had abandoned the family when O. J. was just a toddler. A reaction against his awareness that his father was both gay and dysfunctional may in part explain O. J.’s alleged ‘macho’ patterns. His mother, Eunice, a strong and supportive figure throughout his life, raised O. J. and his three siblings by working as an orderly on a psychiatric ward. Ironically, the boy who was to grow up to be one of the greatest running backs in football history was called ‘Pencil Legs’ as a child and had to wear leg braces until age 5 because of a diagnosed case of rickets along with a calcium deficiency. He remained pigeon-toed and bowlegged, and his deformed extremities contrasted with his large head, subjugating him to taunts such as ‘Headquarters’ and ‘Waterhead.’ However, as O. J. developed into adolescence, he moved from defense to offense. Although he was probably never a hard-core delinquent, he came close. In junior high school, he became a bully, and at age 14, he joined a ‘fighting gang,’ the Persian Warriors. He received his sexual initiation from the gang’s ‘ladies auxiliary,’ and also managed to get caught stealing from a local liquor store. The myth is that a talk with baseball legend Willie Mays pushed him back onto a positive path. Reality is that his mother’s directing him toward a small private Catholic school placed him with a much more positive peer group and also allowed him to attain a more positive identity by demonstrating his emerging athletic skills. He did so, leading the city in scoring his senior year. Recruiters came flocking. But, contrary to his image, O. J. was never overly bright, nor was he a good student, and he didn’t have adequate grades for a major college. So he enrolled in the City College of San Francisco. He starred in football and was able to get grades that were at least adequate (and, in those days, adequate wasn’t much) to accept a scholarship at USC. There, he became an All-American, won the Heisman Trophy in 1968, and gained ‘polish.’ He learned to dress well, to talk well, and to communicate an amiable and easy-going image. However, he was not a studentscholar and dropped out before earning his degree. But he went on to stardom while a pro and then gradually developed into an American icon, a beloved and almost universally recognized hero. O. J.’s private life was less admirable. He was reputed as a chronic womanizer, but he told us that his devout Baptist wife ‘brings the Lord into our house and helps me when I sway’ (and he swayed a lot). Although he stayed married for 11 years to Marguerite, the marriage was marked by several separations and by O. J.’s womanizing. He also reportedly abused Marguerite. He denied this. He was believed, as was often the case (Kubany, McCaig, & Laconsay, 2004). He reportedly had a drug problem. He clearly did use marijuana. A Buffalo television station reported that the owner of a bar that Simpson frequented stated that O. J. had been snorting coke during his years with the Bills and twice came very close to being busted. In any case, O. J. was believed–at least by the NFL. He told Playboy magazine that he had experimented with drugs (marijuana) only once, as an adolescent, but that he ‘just pretended to take a hit.’ Even President Bill Clinton didn’t try to say he ‘only pretended,’ just that he didn’t inhale. Clinton was not believed; O. J. was. In the most publicized abuse incident, on New Year’s Eve of 1989, during his second marriage, a hysterical and severely bruised Nicole came out of the bushes in a bra and underpants to report ‘He’s going to kill me’ to the officers responding to a 911 call. When O. J. came out, he said, ‘I got two women and I don’t want that woman anymore,’ shouted at the officers, and drove off. But Nicole later refused to testify, and charges were dropped. O. J. told Frank Olsen, the CEO for Hertz (who paid O. J. a great deal as its advertising spokesperson), and the public that it was only an argument and was ‘no big deal and there was nothing to it.’ Olsen, Hertz, and the public believed. We all wanted to believe, and our behavior may be a form of abnormal behavior, as it is certainly maladaptive. O. J. had met his second wife, Nicole Brown, then 18 years old, in June 1977 at a nightclub where she was waitressing. This was just before celebrating his tenth wedding anniversary with Marguerite, who was carrying their third child. O. J. and Nicole were quickly involved, but O. J. and Marguerite were not divorced until later, in 1980. The relationship with Nicole was stormy from the beginning, as he was very controlling (and she no doubt contributed in some fashion) and was easily made jealous, although he was reportedly already consistently unfaithful to her. When Nicole became pregnant in 1985, they worked out a complex prenuptial agreement and were married. The child was born on October 17, 1985. Nine days before, the police made their first documented response to a distress call at 360 Rockingham. O. J. had knocked the front window out of the car with a baseball bat, and the responding officer found Nicole sitting on the hood of the car. Nothing came of it. During the next four years, until the New Year’s episode, Nicole made at least 8 and up to 30 distress calls. (It is unclear how many there were because no charges were filed.) After the New Year’s episode the marriage went further downhill, marked by drug and alcohol abuse by both O. J. and Nicole and by public and private conflict. The divorce was finalized in October 1992. Nevertheless, O. J. and Nicole periodically reconciled and split up from that time until Nicole was killed late Sunday night of June 12, 1994. There is evidence that just prior to the killings, O. J. was getting clearer messages from Nicole that there was no longer any chance whatsoever of a reconciliation. Also, at 7:00 A.M., 15 hours before the killings, Paula Barbieri, a model who was dating O. J., left a message on his phone recorder that his relationship with her was also over. Though this was not revealed until after the criminal trial, another model, Gretchen Stockdale, testified during the first trial, but outside the jury’s presence, that O. J. had left her a phone message about three hours before the slayings, saying he was ‘finally . . . totally unattached with everybody.’ Much of the data would at least suggest that O. J. killed Nicole, along with Ronald Goldman, who was returning a pair of sunglasses she had left at a restaurant. Goldman was also a friend of Nicole’s and possibly a lover. Note that O. J. did make a pledge to continually work to find the true killer; apparently he feels certain that the killer will most likely be found on a golf course in Florida. Despite significant enough evidence to hold O. J. civilly accountable for the murders of Nicole and Mr. Goldman, many still hold on to the belief that O. J. was innocent or in some way had deserved a break. O. J. has continued to have significant legal problems. Most recently, in 2007, O. J. Simpson was arrested, charged, and found guilty of multiple felonies, including criminal conspiracy, armed robbery, and kidnapping, after an incident where he took sports memorabilia from a man at a Las Vegas hotel at gunpoint. He was sentenced to a total of 33 years in prison with the possibility of parole in 2016 and currently resides in the Lovelock Correctional Center. Meyer, R. G. & Weaver, C. (2013). Case studies in abnormal behavior.(9th ed). Pearson.
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis: Descriptive Analysis
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