Compose a 5-page paper discussing how the following terms can be applied to real life or real life situations. Students are REQUIRED to utilize terms/theories/concepts in your response. In other words, statements like: I learned a lot about society. are less effective than: I learned that the sociological imagination can help people better understand that personal problems are often really social issues. For example,
Be sure to include the textbook definition (I included the textbook definitions below for each term) and a restatement in your own words.
Please BOLD the 8 terms/concepts so it is clear what terms you have selected.
Terms / Concepts:
SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION: The capacity to think systematically about how many things we experience as personal problemsfor example, debt from student loans, competing demands from divorced parents, or an inability to form a rewarding romantic relationship at collegeare really social issues that are widely shared by others born in a similar time and social location as us. It involves taking into account how our individual lives are impacted by historical and social contexts.
SOCIAL THEORY: An overarching framework that suggests certain assumptions and assertions about the way the world works. These frameworks are used for posing research questions and evaluating evidence related to those questions.
FEMINIST THEORY: Social theories which place gender relations and male domination at the center of their conceptualization of societies.
ROLE: A position within an institution or organization that comes with specific social expectations for how to be-have and be treated. Some roles may be ascribed, that is, assigned to us by birth (man, woman, white, black), and some may be achieved, that is, acquired through our actions (doctor, professor, class clown)
STATUS: A distinct social category that is set off from others and has associated with it a set of expected behaviors and roles for individuals to assume. The category can often involve prestige, such as that accorded to individuals and to important social or economic roles (like priest, lawyer, truck driver). An individuals status may reflect some accomplishment or position attained, ones membership in a particular group, or both.
SOCIAL STRUCTURE: The external forces, most notably social hierarchies, norms, and institutions, that provide the context for individual and group action.
SOCIAL HIERARCHY: Any relationship between individuals or groups that is unequal and provides one person or group with more status and power than another
MULTICULTURALISM / ASSIMILATION
MULTICULTURALISM: Beliefs or policies promoting the equal accommodation of different ethnic or cultural groups within a society. It is sometimes also used to refer to the benefits of dialogue and interaction between different groups.
ASSIMILATION: The process by which immigrants come to be incorporated into their new society by taking on the cultural tastes and practices of the new society.
ETHNOCENTRISM / CULTURAL RELATIVISM
ETHNOCENTRISM: The inability to understand, accept, or reference patterns of behavior or belief different from ones own.
CULTURAL RELATIVISM: The idea that cultural meanings and practices must be evaluated in their own social contexts.
Example of a good paragraph using a sociological term: The Sociological Imagination is defined as, “the capacity to think systematically about how many things we experience as personal problems are really social issues that are widely shared by others.” In other words, the sociological imagination challenges us to think about what might usually be considered a failing on an individual’s part and instead see that this individual might be dealing with a society, or circumstances, beyond their control. For example, somebody who collects welfare might normally be seen as lazy, unmotivated and not wanting to work. However, if the economy is doing poorly, and good paying jobs are unavailable, we might find that large numbers of people are out of work and unable to find jobs. This would be indicative more of a social issue rather than a personal problem. The personal isn’t lazy, they just can’t find a job. In this case, the sociological imagination helps us to differentiate between the two.